Institut de France

   The institut de France is a group of five learned French societies, each fostering a special branch of art, literature, philosophy, or science. As originally organized (1795), the Institut comprised three societies: for physics and mathematics, for the moral and political sciences, and for literature and the fine arts. The five present sections now include the Académie Française, founded (1635) by Cardinal Richelieu for the principal purpose of standardizing the French language. The first edition of its authoritative dictionary was published in 1694. The dictionary is constantly revised, and volumes are published as they are completed. In 1980, marguerite yourcenar became the first woman elected to this academy. The Académie des inscriptions et Belles-Lettres was organized in 1663 for the purpose of the study of ancient inscriptions and documents, numismatics, and languages. it has 45 members. The Académie des sciences was established in 1666 to promote work in the mathematical sciences, including geometry and astronomy, and in such physical sciences as chemistry, and also botany, and anatomy. it has 130 members. The Académie des Beaux-Arts was created in 1648 to encourage the fine arts and maintain aesthetic standards. it has 50 members. The Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques was founded at the same time as the Institut de France (1795). It comprises five divisions: history and geography; legislation and jurisprudence; morals; philosophy; and political economy; it has 50 members. In total, the Institut de France has more than 300 members, each elected for life and receiving a small annuity. There are also about 300 correspondents, many of whom are foreigners. Each section elects its own members when vacancies occur. since 1805, the institut has held its meetings in the Palais de l'institut in Paris. Each section also awards annual prizes to nonmembers who have done notable work in the areas covered by the societies. The institut possesses a fine artistic and architectural heritage, the result of bequests from benefactors.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Institut de France — L Institut de France est à la fois une institution académique française créée le 25 octobre 1795, et le nom du bâtiment parisien du 23 quai de Conti dans le 6e arron …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Institut De France — L Institut de France depuis le Pont des Arts L Institut de France est à la fois une institution académique française créée le 25 octobre 1795, et le nom du bâtiment parisien du 23 quai de Conti dans le 6 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Institut de France — vom Pont des Arts aus gesehen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Institut Aspen France — Institut Aspen Aspen Domaine d activité : direction politique et économique, philosophie politique Création : 1950 Personnes clés  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Institut de France — réunion officielle des cinq Académies: française, des sciences, des sciences morales et politiques, des inscriptions et belles lettres, des beaux arts. (V. académie.) Palais de l Institut ou, absol., l Institut: monument de Paris, sur le quai… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Institut de France — (spr. ängstitüh dĕ frangß), Institut von Frankreich, Gesamtname der jetzt fünf, zeitweise (bis 1832) nur vier Akademien in Paris, höchste offizielle Körperschaft für Wissenschaft und Kunst in Frankreich: 1) Académie française, 40 Mitglieder,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Institut de France — (Aengstitü dö Frangß), Institut von Frankreich, hieß bis zur Revolution vorzugsweise die Académie française, franz. Akademie, seit der Restauration aber die Gesammtheit der französ. Akademien, die sich alle in Paris befinden. Es sind derselben 5 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Institut de France — (franz., spr. ängstitū dö frangß ), Gesamtname der vereinigten fünf Akademien in Paris (s. Akademie, S. 217) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Institut de France —   [ɛ̃sti ty də frãs], seit 1795 die höchste Körperschaft für Wissenschaft und Kunst in Frankreich, Sitz: Paris. Es trat an die Stelle der 1793 aufgelösten, unter königlicher Schirmherrschaft im 17. Jahrhundert entstandenen Vereinigungen zur… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Institut de France — The Institut de France (French Institute) is a French learned society, grouping five académies , the most famous of which is probably the Académie française.The institute manages approximately 1,000 foundations, as well as museums and chateaux… …   Wikipedia

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